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Theoretical Background of Short Chromatographic Layers Optimization of Gradient Elution in Short Columns

S. Yamamoto, A. Kita

Journal of Chromatography A, 1065 (2005) 45-50(2005) 45-50

Although linear salt gradient elution ion-exchange chromatography (IEC) of proteins is commonly carried out with relatively short columns, it is still not clear how the column length affects the separation performance and the economics of the process. The separation performance can be adjusted by changing a combination of the column length, the gradient slope and the flow velocity. The same resolution can be obtained with a given column length with different combinations of the gradient slope and the flow velocity. This results in different separation time and elution volume at the same resolution. Based on our previous model, a method for determining the separation time and the elution volume relationship for the same resolution (iso-resolution curve) was developed. The effect of the column length and the mass transfer rate on the iso-resolution curve was examined. A long column and/or high mass transfer rate results in lesser elution volume. The resolution data with porous bead packed columns and monolithic columns were in good agreement with the calculated iso-resolution curves. Although the elution volume can be reduced with increasing column length, the pressure drop limits govern the optimum conditions.

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